DotNet FrameWork– Difference between Overriding and Overloading – Virtual Meaning – Can we Inherit Multiple Interfaces – Difference between Interface and Abstract Class – Day 8 of 30

What’s the top .NET class that everything is derived from?

System.Object.

How’s method overriding different from overloading?

When overriding, you change the method behavior for a derived class. Overloading simply involves having a method with the  same name within the class.

What does the keyword virtual mean in the method definition?

The method can be over-ridden.

Can you declare the override method static while the original method is non-static?

No, you can’t, the signature of the virtual method must remain the same, only the keyword virtual is changed to keyword  override.

Can you override private virtual methods?

No, moreover, you cannot access private methods in inherited classes, have to be protected in the base class to allow any sort of access.

Can you prevent your class from being inherited and becoming a base class for some other classes?

Yes, that’s what keyword sealed in the class definition is for. The developer trying to derive from your class will get a  message: cannot inherit from Sealed class WhateverBaseClassName. It’s the same concept as final class in Java.

Can you allow class to be inherited, but prevent the method from being over-ridden?

Yes, just leave the class public and make the method sealed.

Why can’t you specify the accessibility modifier for methods inside the interface?

They all must be public. Therefore, to prevent you from getting the false impression that you have any freedom of choice, you are not allowed to specify any accessibility, it’s public by default.

Can you inherit multiple interfaces?

Yes, why not. And if they have conflicting method names?

It’s up to you to implement the method inside your own class, so implementation is left entirely up to you. This might cause a problem on a higher-level scale if similarly named methods from different interfaces expect different data, but as far as compiler cares you’re okay.

What’s the difference between an interface and abstract class?

In the interface all methods must be abstract, in the abstract class some methods can be concrete. In the interface no accessibility modifiers are allowed, which is ok in abstract classes.

How can you overload a method?

Different parameter data types, different number of parameters, different order of parameters.

If a base class has a bunch of overloaded constructors, and an inherited class has another bunch of overloaded constructors, can you enforce a call from an inherited constructor to an arbitrary base constructor?Yes, just place a colon, and then keyword base (parameter list to invoke the appropriate constructor) in the overloaded constructor definition inside the inherited class.

What’s the difference between System.String and System.StringBuilder classes?

System.String is immutable, System.StringBuilder was designed with the purpose of having a mutable string where a variety of operations can be performed.

Does C# support multiple-inheritance?

No, use interfaces instead.

Please read all the post in the Dotnet Framework series.

Reference : Dilip Kumar Jena ( https://mstechexplore.wordpress.com )

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